The balance sheet is the document where assets, liabilities, and equity of a particular company or a person are recorded. It’s a crucial financial statement wildly used in accounting, investing, analytics, and other areas. In this article we’ll explain what a balance sheet is, cover its essential components, and answer the most common questions.
Assets, liabilities, and equity are three core accounting concepts. It’s impossible to evaluate a company properly without a thorough knowledge of them. The word “equity” has many meanings but, in this article, we focus on equity in the general accounting sense, although we briefly cover other kinds of equity too.
Assets, liabilities and equity are three basic building blocks that form the balance sheet equation and any investor should have a deep understanding of what they mean. In this article, we’ll explain what liabilities are and we’ll also provide a real example using a balance sheet of a public company.
The stock market have been very generous towards investors during the recent years and the S&P 500 index is at its highest levels now. Unfortunately, good past returns do not guarantee good future returns and some market analysts, economists, and investors have started to worry about the yield curve movements.
Rogue Trader is a story of a guy who caused a collapse of the world’s second-oldest bank in 1995. 20 years have passed since the film’s release so we’re a bit late for a review but we feel that it’s an important movie to remember because it’s underappreciated and misunderstood.
The main purpose of any investment is to generate more money than the amount invested, the time it takes to do so is called the payback period (PBP) in capital budgeting. Payback period is wildly used by investors and entrepreneurs when they consider to open a new enterprise, invest in an existing business, or when they try to pick the best opportunity among two or more possible options.
For many years, the majority of economists based their financial theories on a few basic assumptions: all market participants are perfectly rational (investors aren’t emotional at all), and they are also free from any biases or information processing errors. The real-life and practical economy showed that these assumptions don’t work in many cases and people tend to behave irrationally from time to time.
All of the major countries' central banks hold a significant portion of their reserves in foreign currencies. Why do they purchase them and why the U.S. dollar is the most popular reserve currency? In this article, we’ll explain what the reserve currencies are, what purpose do they serve and why the world’s central banks hold them.
Alpha (α) and beta (β) are two crucial coefficients that are used for measurement of success of a particular portfolio. Beta represents the volatility of a particular asset (or the whole portfolio) versus the volatility of the benchmark. In this article, we’ll explain what beta is and give a few simple examples to demonstrate how it can be used.
There are two main groups of market participants: institutional and retail investors. Contrary to popular belief, the majority of market participants aren’t small and independent individuals but large institutional investors who manage massive capital. In this article, we’ll explain the difference between institutional and retail investors with some examples.
There are two main types of stocks on the public market: common and preferred. Why do we need to have two distinct types of shares and what’s the difference between them? In this article, we’ll take a look at these two types of stocks (shares) to figure out which one would be a better choice for an investor.
We all used to recognize companies by their names but there are many other ways to identify a particular company. Every company needs a so-called “ticker symbol” in order to be tradable on a stock exchange. Apple Inc, an American IT giant is also known as “NASDAQ: AAPL” and Nestle SA, a Swiss conglomerate, is known as “SWX: NESN”.
More than 20 years ago, in 1997, Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter released their book “Rich Dad Poor Dad” which became an immediate success. This book is about personal finance, entrepreneurship, business, investing and economics and it has become some kind of a bible for a lot of people.
Facebook didn’t show any interest in blockchain technology until early 2018 when the company formed a special blockchain group that is supposed to help Facebook find the best uses of blockchain tech. Not long after forming the blockchain group, Facebook announced its first blockchain product: a cryptocurrency named Libra.
Alpha (α) coefficient in investing is used for measurement of the success of a particular portfolio. Along with beta, the alpha coefficient helps portfolio managers to determine how certain picked assets performed against the market average. In this article, we’ll explain how to use alpha and why is it important for investors.
It’s usually justified to be skeptical about financial forecasting, yet most portfolio managers have certain expectations regarding the future rate of return on the investments they make. How does one figure out an expected return of a financial portfolio? In this article, we’ll explain a method that is commonly used to calculate the expected return.
Most of the people can read nowadays (the literacy level is close to 99%), yet reading an annual report of a company is a different story. It can be very confusing for an investor to figure out what are the key things to look after and what information is worth reading.
Stock market technical analysis has many tools, techniques, and indicators that are used for price forecasting but one of them is particularly important: the concept of support and resistance levels. In this article we’ll explain how are those support and resistance levels supposed to work and how can you find them and why are they important.
It’s believed that investing is something that only the rich and old people should be interested in but an early start can bring many financial benefits. We’ll explain why you should start investing early and what benefits it can bring when you get older.
Traders use many strategies to minimize their risks and maximize their returns, but one of them is particularly common and useful: it’s the 1% risk rule. In this article, we’ll break down this simple yet effective risk management strategy and show how a portfolio manager can use it in his daily financial operations.
Today we are starting a new category on our website - stock forecasts. We’ll share an opinion on stocks' future prices, analyze them from technical and fundamental points of view, and give our recommendation on whether we would consider buying, holding or selling a particular market security.
When you open your first bank account an adviser would often propose you to get checking (otherwise known as current) and savings accounts. The first one, without any interest for your day-to-day transactions and the second one with a very small interest.
You can open almost any old book on wealth management, investing or smart capital allocation and you would find the same idea that seems to be extremely popular at all times: investing in real estate is a great option. Most of those books were written a while ago, has the situation regarding investing in real estate changed in these days?
Recently some traditional economists were confused when they saw that more countries joined “the negative interest rates club”, so here is my opinion on this bizarre macroeconomic trend. We’ll try to explain why such a policy has occurred and why it can be a dangerous sign for the global economy.
Before a company makes its way to the public market, it has to go through a complex and expensive procedure of Initial Public Offering (IPO). In this article, we’ll look at how an IPO usually goes, why is it important, and why many mid-size companies are trying hard to achieve this significant milestone.
When it comes to fundamental analysis of a company, there is one crucial metric that just can’t be ignored and it’s called EBITDA. It’s wildly used by investors, portfolio managers, and market analysts. Today we’ll try to explain what does this metric mean and we’ll also provide a few examples.
Liquidity is a core concept in finance, capital management, and business and that’s why this term is often used in media by portfolio managers, market analysts, and various economists. Although this term is very popular, it’s not that easy for an outsider to understand what it means.
On Wednesday, July 31, 2019, the Federal Reserve lowered interest rates by 25 basic points to a range from 2.00% to 2.25%. It was the first interest rate cut since 2008. Why did this happen and what are the possible consequences of such a change?
The Quick Ratio is one of the most basic liquidity ratios used in the company’s analysis. Some accountants call it the acid-test ratio or the working capital ratio. The Quick Ratio is easy to calculate and it has some advantages over similar ratios like the current ratio.
Return on Assets (ROA) is one of the key fundamental indicators used by financial analysts. ROA can give you a lot of hints on what’s going on with a particular company and how effective it’s managed. In this article, we’ll explain what ROA is with some simple examples, and show how this financial ratio can be used in the analysis of a business' profitability.
ETFs are relatively new financial instruments that were introduced in 1993 in the US and in 1999 in Europe. These financial tools create new opportunities for investors and they have become very popular nowadays. Today we’ll explore the essence of ETFs as well as why they are beneficial for investors.
In fundamental analysis, the current ratio plays an important role by expressing the liquidity of the firm in just one number. This is a basic financial indicator in accounting which is easy to calculate. Today we’ll have a look at this ratio and explain how it can be useful for an investor.
When it comes to measuring dividend return of a particular stock, it’s important to understand what dividend yield is. It’s a rather simple concept but it may confuse some people because they’re expecting to see an absolute number, instead, they usually see some weird “yield” thing in the form of a fraction.
Market capitalization refers to the valuation of a certain company derived from the market value of its shares. It’s a simple, yet important metric in financial analysis that many investors look at regularly. Market capitalization in finance is often shortened to market cap.
A dividend is a payment given to the company’s shareholders on a regular basis. Generally speaking, this term means: ‘an additional outcome’ and it can also be used outside of finance and investing. If a farmer buys a cow, the milk it produces can be called a dividend and a growth in the cow’s weight can be called a capital gain, which at some point can be “cashed out”.
Volatility of a security or an index means the magnitude of changes in its value (price) over time. In more scientific terms, it can be called ‘dispersion’. High volatility usually indicates higher potential returns because investors can make more money with each deal but, at the same time, it implies higher risks because the direction of future price changes is unknown.
Investing seems like an inherently risky affair for many people but it’s not true at all, you can actually choose what level of risk you’re comfortable with. Why would you choose a higher risk? There can be only one good reason: it should give you a higher return on investment.
Diversification has been an extremely popular term in finance and investing for many years. Almost any article, video or a book about personal finance or investing mentions diversification at some point. Why the idea of allocating your capital in various assets is that popular?
In general, a portfolio is just an organized collection of data created to serve a certain purpose. This beautiful word appeared in the English language in the 18th century and it was an adaptation of a much older Italian word ‘portafoglio’ (porto folio, port folio) which means ‘to carry’ something.
There is nothing wrong with managing your financial portfolio on your own (non-discretionary portfolio), although, in some cases, it may be preferable to find a qualified professional and let him manage your money. Those professionals are called portfolio managers. A portfolio manager is someone who fully controls a portfolio and makes all of the necessary investment decisions on behalf of the portfolio’s owner.